Safari Guide In Mikumi National Park in Tanzania 2021

One of Tanzania’s largest parks is Mikumi National Park, located in the country’s southeastern part. On its own, Mikumi National Park covers roughly 1,250 square miles spread across the Mkata River floodplain. To the south of Mikumi is Africa’s largest game reserve, the Selous, making this an exciting place to see abundant wildlife.

Animals you might see during a visit to Mikumi include lions, zebras, impala, buffalo, wildebeest, kudu, giraffe, elephants, baboons, and elands – the biggest antelope in the world. There have also been more than 400 bird species seen in the park, including lilac-breasted rollers, bateleur eagles, and yellow-throated longclaws.

1. Mikumi National Park Location

Situated between the Uluguru Mountains and the Lumango go, Mikumi is the fourth biggest national park in Tanzania and just a couple of hour’s drive from Tanzania’s biggest city.

The park center has a wide assortment of natural life that can be spotted and very much suitable for viewing in a game drive. Its vicinity to Dar es Salaam and the measure of wildlife that live inside its fringes makes Mikumi National Park a well-known choice for those travelers who don’t have much time and want to enjoy a wildlife safari to Mikumi national park.

2. How to Get to Mikumi National Park

Many guests may like to explore one of the hot tourist destination found in the Southcentral part of Tanzania but wondering its accessibility.

The most commonly asked question is How to get to Mikumi national park? The park can easily be reached in the Coastal area from Dar es Salaam. Almost all the Mikumi national park safaris start from the busy former capital city, Dar es, Salaam.

You can land in Tanzania through Julius Nyerere International Airport found in Dar es salaam. If you have arranged or booked a full safari package with a tour operator, the driver-guide will meet you at the airport.

Below are the three ways of How to get to Mikumi national park

Access Mikumi National Park by Road

Mikumi national park can be accessed by a direct highway that starts from Dar es Salaam through Mikumi national park to South Africa. The drive takes from 4 to 5 hours if using private means, and if using public means, it may go beyond that due to the frequent stops by buses in most of the small towns along the way.

The drive is more scenic and unjoyful, especially if using private means where you have a chance to stop at the key tourist destinations. You will have a clear view of the Udzungwa Mountains along the way.

The highway divided the park into two parts the Northern part, which is famous for its accessibility, especially for the game drives along the Mkata Flood plains where game drives are done. The park is just a few kilometers away from Mikumi town or their largest town, Morogoro town.

Access Mikumi National Park by Train

Another way of getting to Mikumi national park is by use of the train. The train passes through the interior of the national park and other bush remote parts of the country.

The train with its speed makes it one of the best ways to explore the region since it’s slow, allowing you more time to view the surroundings, especially if sited on the window sides. There is a train that operates daily from Dar es Salaam to Zambia in the South of Africa.

Access Mikumi National Park by Air or Flight

There are no direct flights that fly to Mikumi national park, but you can use the flights’ available option to Iringa airport then the driver will pick you up. Taking a flight to the neighboring Ruaha national park or Selous is another available option.

This has made it possible to kill two birds using one stone. Land in one park has a brief stop for a night or only game drives and then continues to Mikumi national park.

Enjoy one of the most gifted national parks in Tanzania in only 2 days’ safaris. Spare a weekend and get out of the town’s stress and get fresh air from the wilderness of Africa.

Exploring the park is very easy either as an individual or plan a fully booked safari package. If you have doubted How to get to Mikumi national park, doubt no more. Just go ahead and achieve your dream safari.

Accessing the park from the southern part of the neighboring game reserves is best and only advisable during the dry season if it’s the rainy season from using the main highway directly from the city.

The Southern part of the park has poor terrain and is not used for game drives since it has no game viewing tracks found due to its dense vegetation cover. All the game drives are done in the North of the park.

3. Wildlife in Mikumi National Park

Wildlife in this quiet national park includes elephant, giraffe, buffalo, Burchell’s zebra, sable, eland, Liechtenstein’s hartebeest, lion, leopard, spotted hyena, and jackal. You can also find yellow baboons near Kiboga, at the southern end of the park.

Predators or Carnivores

These are the type of animals that feed on prey, and the park has a good number of predators though the number is not welling. The park has two species of big cats are Lions and the rare shy Leopards.

The lions are in two species, the common or land lions, which take the largest population and are found across the park. These are easily seen roaming even on the highway of Dar es Salaam. The other tree-climbing lions are few but found in the Northern part and the Southern part.

The park has the highest chances of guests viewing the tree climbing lions than the famous Lake Manyara national park. It has become one of the key attractions that attract guests to the park.

Leopards need an eagle eye for spotting, but at most, guests always get more chances to view the animal. With the help of an experienced and knowledgeable guide from a reputable tour operator, the chances of viewing these shy cats are higher.

This is because the driver guides know the particular places where they are commonly seen at the park. They live in territories, and this has helped the game rangers even to name them.

Other Mikumi national park animals of prey include Hyenas, which are mostly seen across the park. The African spotted Hyenas are more at the park, and they live in groups of 2 to 10 individuals.

They take most time lazy and sleeping. When it comes to food, they look for already killed food; especially, they like challenging the leopards and lions for food. They also kill small animals.

They start eating the animal when it’s still alive till they manage to kill it when the animal has lost more blood and strength.

The grazers or Herbivores

The grazers contribute the largest population of Mikumi national park animals, almost 90% of the total animal species. The animals are distributed to the open savannah plains of the park. The park is one of the reliable national parks in Tanzania where guests can see Antelopes’ rare species like the Eland, which is the largest Antelope in the world.

Other species include the greater Kudu, Sable antelope that are normally found on the Southern part of the park in the woodland of Miombo that sits in the foothills of the mountains.

The Lichtenstein’s hartebeest is another rare antelope that can be easily spotted in Mikumi national park. Other grazers include Zebras, Giraffes, Elephants, Buffaloes, Wildebeest, Gazelles, hippos, topis, to mention but a few.

Birds in Mikumi National Park

We don’t miss the great number of bird species found at the park. This park has over 400 bird species like Lilac-breasted roller, secretary bird, Boehm’s Bee-eater, Dickson’s kestrel, Straw-tailed Whydah, Superb starling, Yellow-throated long claw, Bateleur eagle, herons, among others.

Best Time for Wildlife Viewing in Mikumi National Park.

Game viewing at the park is excellent throughout the year, but the most preferred time is during the dry season. The dry months start from June to October when the sun is hot, and the grasses are thinner hence easy sighting of even smaller animals.

The other factor is that the animals collect around the water catchment areas hence easy animal viewing. The best time for the birder is during the rainy season from March to May when the birds are breeding, and the park receives migratory birds.

4. Climate at Mikumi National Park

The climate in Mikumi varies from warm to hot and humid, with little change throughout the year. The warmest months are October to March, and the coolest is June to August.

Mikumi’s Wet season runs from November to May. Rains occur almost daily, usually in the afternoon, but seldom last long. The Dry season is from June to October.

Dry season –June to October

Afternoon temperatures are usually around 27°C/81°F. Days are bright and clear.

  • June, July, August & September: It hardly ever rains. These are the coolest months. Night temperatures drop to about 18°C/64°F.
  • October – If early, rains might start at the end of October.

Wet season –November to May

It is hot and humid in the Wet season. Afternoon temperatures are usually around 30°C/86°F, and night temperatures are around 21°C/70°F.

  • November & December: This is the beginning of the Wet season, and the exact start is unpredictable. Rains are infrequent, usually in the afternoon. It is rare for it to rain throughout the day.
  • January & February: The rainy season is well on its way now, and there will be more rainy days in these months. Still, it’s rare to experience rain all day. Afternoon showers are common.
  • March, April & May: These are the wettest months. There tends to be cloud cover and rain most days, although seldom for the whole day. The average temperatures range from 28°C/82°F for a high and 21°C/70°F for a low.

5. Mikumi National Park Entrance Fee

Below is a breakdown of Park entry fees to Mikumi national park

Foreigners /Non-Residents (USD)

  • Adults 30$
  • Children (5 to 15 years) 15$
  • Children (Below 5 years) Free

Residents (USD)

  • Adults 15$
  • Children (5 to 15 years) 5$
  • Children (Below 5 years) Free

Public campsite

  • Adults 30$
  • Children of 5 to 15 years 5$
  • Children below 5 years free

Special and seasonal campsites

  • Adults 50$
  • Children of 5 to 15 years 10$
  • Children below 5 years free

All the park entry fees expire after every 24 hours; trying to play a trick or dodge paying the par entry fees is punishable. No one can cross or pass through the park gates without clearing the park fees. Tour operators are advised to prepay their guests’ fees at the bank before them coming to the park to lessen the cost of credit card clearance.

6. Mikumi National Park Activities

Game drives

It’s not considered a safari for a typical African wilderness safari if one doesn’t conduct a game drive as safari activities. The game drives at Mikumi national park offer travelers an opportunity to explore and see the wildlife in their natural habitat/ setting; some of the prominent features to seek after in the game drive include the artificial hippo pools filled with huge schools hippos swimming.

From time to time, the hippos pool collects several herds of wildlife from mentioning giraffes, elephants, elands, zebras, hippos, and many more. With the game drive, you will also encounter the pride of lions, and if you are lucky, you could meet them on a hunt making kills.

Birding at the park.

The number of bird species at Mikumi national park is projected to approximately 500 bird species on surveys conducted, especially the most recent one.

The species ranging from migratory birds, savanna birds, water birds, and many more. Some of the local Zanzibar red bishop, yellow-throated longclaw, lilac-breasted roller, bateleurs eagle, and open billed stork among the rest.


Mikumi national park boasts spectacular views, terrains, and sites, deeming it an acentric wilderness arena for having the best of picnics; some of the things to do in the picnics include has meals, games, and many more.


Mikumi national park has two camping sites/grounds, offering public camping and private camping, respectively. Both camping sites offer the same experience of camping irrespective of the difference in management.

The camping sites remain open all year round, but the best time to camp is the dry season between June and November. The private campsite is in Vuma hills, also known as campsite 5, while the public campsite is at Nkata plains, also known as a campsite.

Nature Walks

Nature is another way of getting acquainted with your environment. It enables you to see what your surroundings are composed mainly regarding features, wildlife, and other environment details.

7. Best time to visit Mikumi National Park

Mikumi national park can be visited all year round given that there is no activity affected by the season. However, the availability to visit the park all year round doesn’t deny that there is indeed the best time to visit the park.

The best time to visit Mikumi national park is June to October because it is usually the dry season. During the dry season, the vegetation is not thick but rather thinner, giving clear visibility for the wildlife, also; in the dry season, the water sources are few; therefore its very predictable to see a wild game that confined to water points as they immerse themselves in a bid to cool off after a long day or simply drinking water.

When to visit Mikumi national park

The best time is from late June to October (the Dry season). At this time, vegetation is thinner, and animals gather around waterholes., it gets a little interesting as the huge numbers/herds of wild game is frequently in the park as they make their way to the few water holes in the park.

8. Accommodations in Mikumi National Park

Stanley’s Kopje

Stanley’s Kopje is located in Mikumi National Park. The only camp within the park is set on a rocky hill with beautiful views of the park’s best viewing areas. Guest enjoy free meals.

The large and spacious, and airy tents are spaced apart. They feature solar-heated showers and have verandas that overlook the premises.

Guests enjoy complimentary full board meals. The hotel’s restaurant sits atop a hill with a 360 degrees view of the park and serves various dishes. Guests can partake in bush breakfasts, sun-downers, or picnic lunches. The bar serves a variety of wines, juices, and cocktails. There is an outdoor pool where guests can enjoy swimming sessions. The camp organizes game drives and guided walks around the park.

Mikumi African cottages

Mikumi African cottages and Lodges is an eco-friendly lodge located in Mikumi National park in Tanzania. This camp is ideal for backpackers who are visiting the park.

The property offers 8 rooms perfectly integrated into the surrounding nature; ample space for camping with toilets and showers in the countryside.

Guests can enjoy their meals at the onsite dining, including continental cuisine, and complimentary breakfast is served daily to all guests.

The Hotel has a spacious parking facility. The hotel’s attentive staff can arrange for laundry and dry cleaning services. Mikumi African cottages and Lodges are situated in the spectacular border of Mikumi National Park.

Guests can enjoy their meals at the onsite dining, including continental cuisine, and complimentary breakfast is served daily to all guests.

Camp Bastian Mikumi

Camp Bastian Mikumi is a camp located about 10 Km from the main gate, inside Mikumi National Park, Morogoro. The camp, surrounded by the park’s natural setting, is suitable for tourists who want to visit the Mikumi National park and accommodate couples and family travelers. Free WiFi is available.

The property features En Suite, Budget cottages that can accommodate up to 2 guests each, and Three Bedroom Family cottages that can accommodate up to 8 guests. Each cottage has a balcony, shower, tea/coffee facilities, and bottled water.

Guests can enjoy African food produced from the locally grown and homemade products from the garden with varieties of vegetables at the property. A complimentary breakfast is also served to all guests.

Vamos Hotel Mikumi

Vamos Hotel Mikumi is a budget hotel located in Mikumi, about 15 Km from Mikumi National Park Office, Morogoro. The property is ideal for guests traveling with families and leisure in Mikumi National Park.

The property features 15 Standard and Deluxe Rooms that can accommodate two guests each, and an extra bed can be organized upon request. Each room features air-condition, television, shower, and toiletries.

The property has a bar and restaurant that offers an a la carte menu, and sometimes the buffet menu is provided at the restaurant. The bar offers both alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks. A complimentary breakfast is also served.

9. Safety and Security in Mikumi Park

Mikumi National Park is very safe to visit in our opinion. There isn’t a lot of crime towards tourists in Tanzania. The small number of issues that occur is usually in urban areas, so normal safety precautions need to be taken when visiting towns and cities en route to parks. Please take note of ‘Cities & Urban Areas: Safety Precautions’ below. However, your guide will ensure your safety at all times, so there is no need to worry.

Malaria & Vaccinations

It is advisable to get several vaccinations before traveling to Tanzania – seek advice from your local health professional. Malaria is present, so guarding against it using antimalarial medicine and mosquito repellent (look for those containing DEET as they are most effective) is recommended. Covering up in the evening when mosquitoes are most active is also a good idea.

Conclusion Summary

The Dry season (June to October) is the peak period for watching wildlife. The bush thins out, and animals are easy to spot. Plus, the absence of precipitation is balanced by an abundance of sunshine. You can still see wildlife in the wetter periods, but the humidity and the mosquitoes might drive you crazy.

The information provided in this website is for general informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice.

Accordingly, before taking any actions based upon such information, we encourage you to consult with the appropriate professionals. The use or reliance of any information contained on this site is solely at your own risk.

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